Emissions from Oil and Gas
Oil prices and recent technology improvements have led to an explosion of oil & gas extraction in the US. As a result, US is the largest oil & gas producer in the world. Emissions from oil & gas extraction, including methane leakage, have severe air quality and climate consequences. The leading source of methane in the US is now oil & gas industry.
AC4 complements previous and ongoing NOAA/ESRL efforts in quantifying emissions from oil & gas extraction across the Nation, and their impacts on air quality and climate. NOAA/ESRL Global Monitoring Division (GMD) has generally focused on quantifying methane leakage rates from various stages of oil and gas extraction activities, while NOAA/ESRL Chemical Science Division (CSD) has generally studied air quality implications of the recent increase in oil & gas extraction and its associate emissions of various chemical species. Both ESRL divisions have been at the forefront of identifying winter ozone exceedances in oil & gas producing regions. Starting with FY14 program announcement, AC4 focuses on quantifying emissions of greenhouse gases, aerosols, and their precursors, as well as their atmospheric impacts from several shale plays. In FY14, AC4 funded 8 projects focused on oil & gas emissions. Descriptions of these projects can be found in the Funded Projects section of the website.