Inland Flooding in a Changing Climate: The Case of the 2019 Mississippi/Missouri Basin Part I and II

  • 26 September 2019

Part I: exploring earth system science and modeling. view description

  1. Overview of the 2019 Mississippi and Missouri Basins flooding - Justin Palmer, NOAA North Central River Forecast Center

    Corey Loveland is Service Coordination Hydrologist at the NOAA/NWS North Central River Forecast Center (NCRFC) in the Twin Cities.

  2. Could America's Wettest Winter of 2018-19 Have Been Anticipated? - Andy Hoell, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory//Physical Sciences Division

    Andy Hoell is a meteorologist at the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory/Physical Sciences Division focusing on research the physics and predictability of regional weather and climate.

  3. Understanding Extreme Precipitation and Characterizing Flood Risk in Climate Models - Sarah Kapnick, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

    Sarah Kapnick at NOAA/OAR Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory is Deputy Division Leader & Research Physical Scientist in the Seasonal to Decadal Variability and Predictability Division. Sarah’s research focuses on the mechanisms controlling the hydroclimate, with an emphasis on: precipitation, extreme storms and mountain snowpack.

  4. Observed and Projected Changes in Flood Events - Gabriele Villarini, University of Iowa

    Gabriele Villarini is Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Iowa, and the Director of IIHR-Hydroscience & Engineering. His research broadly focuses on flood hydrology, extreme events, hydroclimatology, climate predictions and projections, and economic impacts of natural hazards.

  5. Modeling Land and Hydrologic Processes Associated with Flooding in Climate Models - Elena Sheliakova, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

    Elena Sheliakova is a Senior Climate Modeler at NOAA/OAR Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory and co-chair of the Land Model Division Team. She focuses on the representation of land, hydrologic and Earth system processes in climate models.

 

Part II: exploring impacts to growers, the role humans have played in modifying flood dynamics, engineering challenges, and ongoing efforts to better understand impacts of climate variability and change on these human systems. view description

 

  1. 2019 Wetness and Impacts on Midwest/Plains Agriculture - Dennis Todey, U.S. Department of Agriculture

    The extreme wetness of fall 2018 into 2019 severely delayed and slowed agriculture in the region leading to direct and indirect losses in yield and productivity. Final details agricultural impacts are still TBD based on final yields and what happens with fall freeze timing.

  2. Climatic and anthropogenic controls on Mississippi River floods: Insights from paleoflood records - Sam Munoz, Northeastern university

    In this talk, I’ll describe recent efforts to develop paleoflood records for Mississippi River basin based on floodplain lake sediments. Together with instrumental and reanalysis data, these records show the importance of climate variability (i.e., ENSO) in regulating Mississippi River flood hazard, and document a recent increase in flood hazard associated with human alterations to the channel and its basin.

  3. How to Plan for Floods? Are You Kidding? - Gerald Galloway, University of Maryland

    Floods are an inevitable part of life on this planet. They are one of a number of risks that are ignored because "they won't happen here!" or "one happened here, but another won't happen for 100 years!" Experiences in major flood prone areas of the United States should provide guidelines for dealing with floods but somehow do not. What steps can be taken to assist in reducing flood losses and improve attention to floods?

  4. Some notable impacts from the 2019 Missouri Basin (continuing) flood event - Doug Kluck, Regional Climate Services Director, Central Region
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Climate and Fisheries Adaptation Program (CAFA)

MISSION: The Climate and Fisheries Adaptation Program (CAFA) is a partnership between the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (NOAA Research) Climate Program Office, and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) Office of Science and Technology that supports targeted research to promote adaptation and resilience of the nation's valuable fisheries and fisheries-dependent communities in a changing climate. By bringing together NOAA scientists with many partners, CAFA addresses priority needs for information and tools identified in the NOAA Fisheries Climate Science StrategyRegional Action Plans, and other sources.  

ISSUE: Healthy fisheries are a significant component of the U.S. economy. Commercial and recreational marine fisheries generate over $200 billion in economic activity and support more than 1.8 million jobs annually (FEUS 2016). Fisheries also support working waterfronts and coastal communities, provide opportunities for commerce, are tied to rich cultures, and help meet the growing demand for seafood across the U.S. and the world.

Climate change is impacting fish stocks, fisheries, and fishing communities, and these impacts are expected to increase. Changing climate and ocean conditions (e.g. warming oceans, changing currents, coastal inundation, extreme events, etc.) can affect the abundance, distribution, and productivity of fish stocks that support economically important fisheries. Sustainable fisheries management requires an improved understanding of how climate, fishing, and other stressors interact to affect fish stocks (including their habitats and prey), fisheries and fishing-dependent communities.  

PROGRAM HISTORY: The CAFA Program was established by the NOAA Research Climate Program Office and the NOAA Fisheries Office of Science and Technology in 2014 to advance understanding of climate‐related impacts on fish stocks, fisheries and fishing communities. The partnership originated through the former Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications (COCA) Program and in 2021 was renamed the Climate and Fisheries Adaptation (CAFA) Program as part of the Climate Program Office Adaptation Sciences Program.

SPONSORS: Funding for the CAFA Program comes from the OAR Climate Program Office and the NMFS Office of Science and Technology, the Office of Sustainable Fisheries, and the Northeast Fisheries Science Center. 

 

 

 

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Jennifer Dopkowski
NOAA Research
Climate Program Office
P: (301) 734-1261
E: jennifer.dopkowski@noaa.gov

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NOAA Fisheries
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P: (301) 427-8134
E: roger.b.griffis@noaa.gov

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Americans’ health, security and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. Every day, we see communities grappling with environmental challenges due to unusual or extreme events related to climate and weather.