Participants identified rising ocean temperatures; ocean acidification and carbonate dynamics; runoff and land/sea interactions; the impacts of climate variability and change on deep water ecosystems; extreme events; and the ability to predict and project these changes at temporal and spatial scales meaningful to sanctuaries as the most pressing needs.
Tropical cyclone formation and intensity is influenced by the amount of heat stored in the upper ocean, which depends on factors such as wind speed and stratification, or how much the warm upper layer of the ocean mixes with the cooler layer underneath.
Participants identified rising ocean temperatures, ocean acidification, deoxygenation, harmful algal blooms, extreme events, and the ability to predict and project these changes at scales meaningful to sanctuaries as the most pressing needs.
This protype milestone is an important step toward increasing the use and accessibility of NOAA’s ocean data collected at the Pacific Marine Environmental Lab and other U.S. institutions.
The chapter walks readers through an overview of amplified warming in the Arctic, discussing a variety of processes in the climate system contributing to the warming.
Americans’ health, security and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. Every day, we see communities grappling with environmental challenges due to unusual or extreme events related to climate and weather.
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