During two days of intensive airborne measurements, oil and gas operations in Colorado’s Front Range leaked nearly three times as much methane, a greenhouse gas, as predicted based on inventory estimates, and seven times as much benzene, a regulated air toxic.
Earth System Science and Modeling (ESSM)
Research funded by CPO’s Atmospheric Chemistry, Carbon Cycle, and Climate (AC4) program was published in Nature Geosciences. The article assesses the relationship between the organic carbon content of sea water and freshly emitted sea spray aerosol in the North Atlantic as well as the coastal waters of California.
Research funded by CPO’s Climate Variability and Predictability program has been accepted for publication into Geophysical Research Letters. The paper, titled: “Stochastic forcing of north tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures by the North Atlantic Oscillation,” showed that NAO-generated forcing of SST during boreal winter and spring is responsible for more than half the statistically unpredictable component of SST in the main development region for Atlantic hurricanes during the subsequent summer and fall.
CPO’s Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections (MAPP) and Earth Systems Sciences (ESS) programs have both provided support for the International Conference on Subseasonal to Seasonal Prediction (S2S). The conference will take place from Feb. 10-13 in College Park, Md. at NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate Prediction.
A paper funded by the Climate Program Office’s MAPP and ESS programs was published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS) in December. The paper – titled “Madden-Julian Oscillation – Bridging Weather and Climate” – shows that the MJO, which sits in a time frame between weather (less than 10 days) and climate (90 days and longer), can affect both weather and climate and plays a critical role in connecting or bridging the two.
The U. S. Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has released their FY2014 SBIR with an opening date of Nov. 13, 2013 and a closing date of Jan. 29, 2014.
With funding from CPO’s Atmospheric Chemistry, Carbon Cycle, & Climate (AC4), researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory sought to understand why some marine stratocumulus clouds form “open cells” while others form “closed cells,” even when the background whether conditions are similar.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report on “The Physical Science Basis” of climate change has been completed and will appear online on Sept. 30, 2013. This report represents a milestone in the understanding of the Earth system and climate science. Scientific research funded by NOAA’s Climate Program Office (CPO) is foundational to advancing IPCC reports. CPO supports climate science research reflected in the IPCC’s report through its Climate Observations and Monitoring (COM); Earth System Science (ESS); and Modeling, Analysis, Predictions, and Projections (MAPP) programs.