ENSO is a major source of seasonal predictability and driver of global climate and extreme events. Changes in the seasonal evolution of ENSO during its onset and decay phases have received little attention by the research community. A new study published in Nature Communications aims to better understand these changes and ENSO’s impact.
New research demonstrates the presence of solid organic-coated ammonium sulfate particles in the Arctic boundary layer. As the Arctic loses ice, researchers expect to see more of these unique particles formed from oceanic emissions combined with ammonia from birds, that can change how clouds form and climate.