The research aims to measure unusual intensities and frequencies of pre-industrial and recent El Nino events, providing insight into changes in the climate of North America.
During the winter of 2014 and 2015, the US west coast (USWC) experienced record high temperatures extending from Baja California to the Gulf of Alaska. This record warming, as high as 3°C in some areas, greatly impacted the California Current System (CCS) and Gulf of Alaska marine ecosystems. However, tropical Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies were weak during 2014, calling into question their role in the USWC warming period.
A multimedia report is now available for the 2015 El Niño Conference held November 17-18, 2015 in Palisades, NY. NOAA’s Climate Program Office co-sponsored this conference, in partnership with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID).